Skip to main content

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

See other formats


CH A PTER   VII.
THE CITY OF MATHUB! (concluded): ITS EUBOPIIN IKSTITUTIOSS
MUSEUM,
A LIGHT railway, on the metre gauge, 29| miles ia lengthy which was opened
for traffic OB the 10th of October? 18753 now connects the city with the
East India Line, which it joins at the Hathras Road station* The cost was
Rs. 9,55,868, being about Rs. 30,000 a mile^ including rolling stock and every-
thing else. Of'tMs amount Es. 3,24,100 were contributed by local sliareholders,
and the balance,, Rs. 8,31 j763, came from Provincial Funds. Interest is
guaranteed at the rate of 4 per cent, per annum, with ft moiety of the surplus
earnings that may at any time be realized. The line has proved an unques-
tionable success and its yearly earnings continue to show a steady increase. But
the principal shareholders— including the Seth, who invested as much as a lakh
and-a-half in it—were certainly not attracted by the largeness of the pecuniary
profit; for 12 per cent is the lowest return which Indian capitalists ordina*-
rfly receive for their money. They were entirely influenced by a highly com-
mendable public spirit and a desire to support the local European authorities,
who had shown themselves personally interested In the matter,* He ultimate
success of the line has mow been secured by its junction with the Eajputana
State B&ilway. The distance being only some 25 miles, the earthwork was ealr-
ried otjfc during the late faming and the scheme is now completed but for tike
bridge over ihe JamtuuL In the design that has been supplied there are 12
spans of 98 feet each, with passage both for road and railway traffic and two
foot-pathsj at an estimated cost of Rs. 3,OOjOOO. As ihe receipts from tolls
on the existing pdntoon bridge are about Rs. 45,000 per azmtmij even a larger
expenditure might safely be incurred. Cross sections of the river have been
obtained, and a series of borings taken, which show a flood channel of 1,000
feet and clay foundations tmderlying the sand at 3$ feei The site is in every
way well suited for the purpose and presents no special engineering difficulties*;
but tie construction of so large a bridge mnst necessarily be a work of time^ and
before it is completed it is probable that the line will have been extended from
Its oiier end, ihe Hiihras terminus, to Farnkhabad and so on to Cawnpnrj the
* Next to the fiefhr-Jrapo m&msllo—the largest number of shines were Ifckea ap % jssy-
sdf; for at tbal time I nerer especied t® b« moved from tke dis&kit.